A VPN is short for a Virtual Private Network, but you can think of it as simply as a tool to mask your IP address.
What does a VPN do?
When you’re browsing the internet, your computer’s IP address can be recorded by the website you’re viewing. This piece of data is very small, but it can be used to determine your general location.
To get around this, a VPN essentially funnels your internet traffic through another device. You can think of it as a man in the middle between you and a website. All it’s doing is acting on behalf of you.
The website simply records the IP address of the VPN instead of your IP address. That’s how you anonymize your IP address with a VPN.
What’s a Hosting Provider?
A hosting provider is simply a company that provides web servers for rent. You’ve probably heard of names like GoDaddy, BlueHost, Digital Ocean, Google Cloud, AWS and Azure. These companies allow you to rent hosting so your customers can view your website.
These servers can also be rented for running bots & scrapers that crawl websites for all sorts of reasons, popular uses include fetching pricing data for analysis on competitors pricing.
Hosting providers can also host VPN software. In that way a technical person can create their own person VPN service.
How can you detect if an IP address belongs to a Hosting Provider?
Hosting providers typically register sections of IP addresses for their servers. This information is listed on their websites. By checking if an IP address is listed in one of these lists, you can determine if the IP address belongs to a hosting provider.